Quality of Education

Quality education means the process by which the school becomes a place which endures all educational needs, opportunities and learning outcomes the students are expected to accomplish. The atmosphere, the methodology the teaching and learning apparatus, the activities and approach should be child friendly, ensuring the total involvement of the students in the process of education. In addition, the personal aptitudes and capabilities of the students need to be nourished respecting individual differences. Education invariably aims at the development of all faculties of human potentials. The curriculum envisages the all-round development of the individual. Quality education has a broader sense than getting through some school examination and tests .

Kerala today occupies a remarkable position in terms of several indicators of social and human development. It is the expansion of general education that has set a quality mark in Kerala State. In the realm of academic reforms and pedagogic renewals also Kerala has been in the forefront at least for the last decade. Student friendly and activity-oriented pedagogy based on cognitive psychology has been experimented in the State. Even though initially it was at the primary level, later was expanded up 12th Grade. Actually, the basic pedagogic perspectives highlighted in NCF were implemented very early in Kerala. Meanwhile, the school curriculum was again revised in 2007.

The objective of the Education Quality Improvement Project is to improve access, retention and completion rates for students in the elementary, secondary and higher secondary education in the state. Education is considered the most important lever for social, economic and political transformation. A well-educated population, equipped with the relevant knowledge, attitudes and skills is essential for economic and social development in the twenty-first century. Education is the most potent tool for socioeconomic mobility and a key instrument for building an equitable and just society. It provides skills and competencies for economic well-being. It strengthens democracy by imparting to citizens the tools needed to fully participate in the governance process. Education also acts as an integrative force in society, imparting values that foster social cohesion and national identity. Recognising the importance of education in the development, the state proposes an unprecedented focus on the expansion of education, on significantly improving the quality of education imparted and on ensuring that educational opportunities are available to all segments of the society. The General Education Protection Campaign has taken steps to improve the quality of education in schools irrespective of government and aided schools.

The main aim of the campaign is to achieve the goal of student-centric education. To provide support for schools training for parent-teacher association members on child-centred education is also carried out. The campaign aimed at 1,000 hours of instruction an academic year for students. To make this possible, conferences convened by AEOs or DEOs should be done online and probably on weekends. Focus on learning, capacity building of teachers, liberal atmosphere in classes instead of regimented and draconian ways, taking teaching outside classrooms, impact of teacher education on inborn skills of trainee teachers, need to understand childrens psychology, and better focus on multiple intelligence are also the aims of the campaign. The Kerala Infrastructure and Technology for Education (KITE), formerly IT@School, has transformed 44,775 classrooms in the state into hi-tech ones. Almost 85 per cent of the targeted 46,000 classrooms under the general education protection campaign. The remaining classrooms will be made hi-tech by May. Each classroom has been equipped with laptops, multimedia projectors, mounting kits and screens. Malappuram tops the list with 3,782 hi-tech classrooms followed by Kozhikode (3,446) and Thrissur (3,085). Under the programme, KITE aims to provide ICT facilities in Classes VIII to XII of government and aided schools.

The deployment of ICT equipment in schools is undertaken through a dedicated online monitoring mechanism through KITEs regional offices. As a follow-up to the hi-tech classroom scheme in higher secondary education, the state government has allocated Rs 300 crore in the Budget for setting up hi-tech labs in Classes I to VII in 11,000 primary and upper primary schools. The quality of life in the state of Kerala is noteworthy and commendable. The spread of general education and excellence in the field of public health are the major factors behind this achievement. In spite of this, the field of education, in Kerala, faces the challenge how quality education can be provided to all the learners who come from different sections of the society. On the basis of the National Education Policy (1986), infrastructure develop-ment and teacher training programmes were widely carried out. Along with this, there were attempts to make the curriculum child-centered, activity-based and process-oriented, thereby making it contemporary. This led to the realization that knowledge has to be constructed in classrooms. Thus, activities have been initiated that posit the child at the centre of the educational process.